I am fortunate to have a daylily with my namesake. Above is 'Judith', registered in 1977 and she is one of the most fragrant daylilies I have. 'Judith is a tetraploid' which is explained in the text below.
A few of the daylilies I have blooming now with many more varieties in bud.
Hardy to zone 2, daylilies are drought resistant but can be grown in wet areas and ultimately there is a huge variety of shapes, sizes and colours.
Some flowers have a different colour in the center of the petals extending to the sepals known as the eye of the plant and if this colour doesn’t continue into the sepals, it’s known as a halo; both make for interesting combinations in every colour except for a true blue daylily.
Planned carefully, daylilies can be blooming in a garden starting with the very early types before July 1 right up to September with the very late varieties. A warm spring encourages earlier blooms and if a late frost is experienced, it just stops the plant growth temporarily.
The concept of everblooming or rebloom daylilies depends on where the plant originates, the soil, light and heat of each particular garden they are in.
To divide daylilies, early blooming types should be split after flowering and the fall or late bloomers should be done in spring. Of course if need be, they can be divided at anytime, even when in bloom and typically this is carried out after a clump has been growing for four to five years. Older clumps become impacted and are very hard to divide, even with the use of two garden forks.
Propagation by seed is the only way to create a new daylily and although there are three types, only two have seeds. A diploid has 22 chromosomes, a triploid 33, which produces no seeds because of the odd number of chromosomes and a tetraploid which has 44 chromosomes.
Diploids have thin stems, fine leaves and single flowers whereas a tetraploid had a thick stem, broad leaves and a large flower with heavy substance.
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